Dental Care

posted: by: Kroner Animal Care Tags: "Clinic Specials" "News" 

You may not be aware that dental care is necessary to provide optimal health and a good quality of life for your pet.  Diseases of the oral cavity, if left untreated are often painful and can contribute to other local or systemic diseases such as liver, kidney, and heart disease.  Studies have shown that dental disease is the most common medical problem of cats and dogs affecting an estimated 80% of patients older than 5 years of age.

Anesthesia
The dental cleaning in canine and feline patients involves general anesthesia for several reasons, including: dental disease is 60% below the gum line, an endotracheal tube placed in the trachea keeps debris out of the lungs, as well as many dental procedures would be painful with out anesthesia.  Veterinary patients feel pain and discomfort similar to humans.  We use anesthesia and pain medication to ensure the patient will not feel pain.  

At Kroner Animal Care, all patients are carefully screened prior to anesthesia.  While under anesthesia we monitor ECG, respirations, oxygen saturation levels, and blood pressure.  We offer in-house blood work to screen for anemia, diabetes, as well as for kidney and liver functions among other things.  We also recommend IV catheter placement and fluid administration while under anesthesia.  The IV catheter allows your pet's doctor to give life saving drugs immediately should problems arise.  IV fluids help to ensure proper blood pressure and hydration levels are maintained. 

Dental Cleaning
We use an ultrasonic scaler to remove tartar, plaque, and bacteria from teeth with out damaging the enamel.  The special piezoelectric scaler removes the tartar up to 2mm under the gum line.  The Registered Technician uses dental instruments such as curettes to remove tartar that has accumulated more than 2mm under the gum line.  Dental radiographs are done to evaluate the presence of disease under the gum line such as dental abcess, devitalized or resorbed teeth/roots and oral cancer.  We are able to preform routine and surgical extractions if needed.  After all necessary dental treatments are completed the teeth are polished to smooth the enamel surface thereby preventing bacterial colonization of enamel irregularities.  Finally, Oravet, a sealant, is applied. 

Preventive & Home Care
  1. Teeth brushing: Brushing your pets' teeth is the single most important thing that you can do to prevent dental disease.  Invasive bacteria and plaque accumulates as soon as 24-36 hours post dental cleaning.  Brushing will help prevent this process.
  2. Oravet barrier sealant: Oravet is applied once weekly with an applicator at home.  Oravet has been shown to reduce tartar by up to 50%.
  3. Dental diet (T/D), CET chews, Oral rinse: These products, especially when used in combination with brushing will help prevent accumulation of disease causing bacteria and plaque.